Alimentação fora de casa e excesso de peso: uma análise dos mecanismos explicativos

Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Jessica Brito Cavalcante, Tyciane Maria Vieira Moreira, Caroline da Costa Mota, Rosely Sicheiri

Resumo


Objetivo: Discutir os possíveis mecanismos da relação entre consumo de alimentos fora do domicílio e ganho excessivo de peso. Métodos: Realizou-se um levantamento bibliográfico de artigos científicos que descrevessem as características dos alimentos consumidos fora do domicílio e de artigos que investigassem a relação entre essas características e o ganho excessivo de peso, publicados nas bases de dados: MEDLINE, Biblioteca Latino-Americana e do Caribe (LILACS) e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO). Resultados: Constatouse que diversas características da alimentação fora do domicílio como a elevada densidade energética, o elevado teor de gorduras e açúcares, baixo conteúdo de fibras e cálcio, grandes porções de alimentos altamente palatáveis e ofertados em grande variedade e o consumo elevado de refrigerantes e doces contribuem para o ganho excessivo de peso. Conclusão: Constatada a importância da influência da alimentação fora do domicílio no ganho de peso, várias propostas são sugeridas para melhorar a oferta de alimentos saudáveis nas refeições realizadas fora de casa, no entanto, mais estudos são necessários para compreender quais mudanças no setor de alimentação fora de casa são efetivas para reduzir os impactos negativos na saúde da população.

Palavras-chave


Alimentação Coletiva; Sobrepeso; Revisão.

Texto completo:

PDF PDF (English)

Referências


Lachat C, Nago E, Verstraeten R, Roberfroid D, Van Camp J, Kolsteren P. Eating out of home and its association with dietary intake: a systematic review of

the evidence. Obes Rev. 2012;13(4):329-46.

Bezerra IN, Moura Sousa A, Pereira RA, Sichieri R. Contribution of foods consumed away from home to energy intake in Brazilian urban areas: the 2008-9 Nationwide Dietary Survey. Br J Nutr. 2013;109(7):1276-83.

Gorgulho BM, Fisberg RM, Marchioni DM. Nutritional quality of major meals consumed away from home in Brazil and its association with the overall diet quality. Prev Med. 2013;57(2):98-101.

Bezerra IN, Curioni C, Sichieri R. Association between eating out of home and body weight. Nutr Rev. 2012;70(2):65-79.

Nago ES, Lachat CK, Dossa RA, Kolsteren PW. Association of out-of-home eating with anthropometric changes: a systematic review of prospective studies. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(9):1103-16.

Perez-Escamilla R, Obbagy JE, Altman JM, Essery EV, McGrane MM, Wong YP, et al. Dietary energy density and body weight in adults and children: a systematic review. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):671-84.

Jaworowska A, Blackham T, Davies IG, Stevenson L. Nutritional challenges and health implications of takeaway and fast food. Nutr Rev. 2013;71(5):310-8.

Prentice AM, Jebb SA. Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link. Obes Rev. 2003;4(4):187-94.

Pereira-Lancha LO, Coelho DF, Campos-Ferraz PL, Lancha AH Jr. Body fat regulation: is it a result of a simple energy balance or a high fat intake? J Am Coll Nutr. 2010;29(4):343-51.

Hooper L, Abdelhamid A, Bunn D, Brown T, Summerbell CD, Skeaff CM. Effects of total fat intake on body weight. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;8:CD011834.

Lin PH, Wang Y, Grambow SC, Goggins W, Almirall D. Dietary saturated fat intake is negatively associated with weight maintenance among the PREMIER participants. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012;20(3):571-5.

Stender S, Dyerberg J, Astrup A. Fast food: unfriendly and unhealthy. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31(6):887-90.

Thompson AK, Minihane AM, Williams CM. Trans fatty acids and weight gain. Int J Obes (Lond).2011;35(3):315-24.

Te Morenga L, Mallard S, Mann J. Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies. BMJ. 2012;346:e7492.

Malik VS, Pan A, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(4):1084-102.

Piernas C, Mendez MA, Ng SW, Gordon-Larsen P, Popkin BM. Low-calorie- and calorie-sweetened beverages: diet quality, food intake, and purchasepatterns of US household consumers. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(3):567-77.

Kristensen M, Jensen MG. Dietary fibres in the regulation of appetite and food intake. Importance of viscosity. Appetite. 2011;56(1):65-70.

Pereira MA, Ludwig DS. Dietary fiber and bodyweight regulation. Observations and mechanisms. Pediatrir Clin North Am. 2001;48(4):969-80.

Leao AL, Santos LC. Micronutrient consumption and overweight: is there a relationship?. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2012;15(1):85-95.

Soares MJ, Murhadi LL, Kurpad AV, Chan She Ping-Delfos WL, Piers LS. Mechanistic roles for calcium and vitamin D in the regulation of body weight. Obes Rev. 2012;13(7):592-605.

Lương KVQ, Nguyễn LTH. The beneficial role of vitamin D in obesity: possible genetic and cell signaling mechanisms. Nutr J. 2013;12:89.

Zhu W, Cai D, Wang Y, Lin N, Hu Q, Qi Y, et al. Calcium plus vitamin D3 supplementation facilitated fat loss in overweight and obese college students with very-low calcium consumption: a randomized controlled trial. Nut J. 2013;12:8.

Chambers EC, Heshka S, Gallagher D, Wang J, Pi- Sunyer FX, Pierson RN Jr. Serum iron and body fat distribution in a multiethnic cohort of adults living in New York City. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106(5):680-4.

Cheng HL, Bryant C, Cook R, O’Connor H, Rooney K, Steinbeck K. The relationship between obesity and hypoferraemia in adults: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2012;13(2):150-61.

Canoy D, Wareham N, Welch A, Bingham S, Luben R, Day N, et al. Plasma ascorbic acid concentrations and fat distribution in 19,068 British men and women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82(6):1203-9.

English L, Lasschuijt M, Keller KL.Mechanisms of the portion size effect. What is known and where do we go from here? Appetite. 2015;88:39-49.

Aydinoğlu NZ, Krishna A. Guiltless Gluttony: The Asymmetric Effect of Size Labels on Size Perceptions and Consumption. J Consum Res. 2011;37:105-1112.

Fortuna JL. The obesity epidemic and food addiction: clinical similarities to drug dependence. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2012;44(1):56-63.

Vadiveloo MK, Parekh N. Dietary variety: an overlooked strategy for obesity and chronic disease control.Am J Prev Med. 2015;49(6):974-9.

Santos MV, Proença RPC, Fiates GMR, Calvo MCM. Os restaurantes por peso no contexto de alimentação saudável fora de casa. Rev Nutr. 2011;24(4):641-9.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2016.p455

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.
Rev Bras Promoç Saúde, Fortaleza - Ceará - Brasil - e-ISSN: 1806-1230

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia