Self-care practice in people with sickle cell anemia

Natália Bastos Ferreira Tavares, Nayara Monique Araújo do Nascimento, Raimundo Tavares de Luna Neto, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Denise Maria Christofolini

Resumo


Objectives: To identify the application of Orem's self-care theory in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) at a regional hematology center. Methods: It is a study of a descriptive nature, with an exploratory and qualitative approach, held at the regional hematology center of an inland municipality of Ceará, Brazil, with patients diagnosed and treated for SCA. The data collection was carried out in May 2014, through an interview applied to patients with sickle cell anemia or their respective legal guardians, conducted while they were in the waiting room for medical care in the institution. The following guiding question was asked: "What are the main precautions you take to prevent the complications of sickle cell disease?". Data were analyzed according to Bardin’s content analysis technique. Results: It was evidenced that patients lack an accurate knowledge about their disease, thus disadvantaging the primary foundation for self-care. The discovery of the disease usually occurs due to the need for clinical interventions in repeated episodes of pain. The painful events represent the main difficulties and causes of hospitalizations with the search for emergency medical services. Conclusion: The educational actions provided by the multidisciplinary health team make it possible for the SCA patient and caregiver to provide better care by means of self-care activities and actions.

Palavras-chave


Self-Care; Anemia, Sickle Cell; Nursing.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2017.6212

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Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.
Rev Bras Promoç Saúde, Fortaleza - Ceará - Brasil - e-ISSN: 1806-1230

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