Co-occurrence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use among university students in Brazil

Gbènankpon Mathias Houvèssou, Isabel Oliveira Bierhals, Betina Daniele Flesch, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira


Objective: To estimate the prevalence of co-occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among students at a public university in a municipality in Southern Brazil, and to evaluate the factors associated with this practice. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with undergraduate students between November 2017 and July 2018, to whom a digital self-administered questionnaire was applied. The relationship between the dependent variables co-occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and co-occurrence of alcohol and illicit drug use was analyzed using binary logistic regression with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Of the 1,824 university students, 92.0% consumed alcohol in their lifetime, 11.0% smoked, 43.9% used at least one illicit drug in their lifetime, and 23.3% used at least one illicit drug in the last 30 days. The rate of co-occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use was 5.2%, and it was associated with belonging to the highest economic class (p = 0.0003), experimenting with drugs before the age of 18 (p = 0.0013), and attending an exact sciences or land/agricultural sciences program (p = 0.0386). The prevalence of co-occurrence of alcohol and illicit drug use was 13.6%, and it was associated with belonging to the highest economic class (p = 0.0000), male gender (p = 0.0323), depression (p = 0.0001), experimentation with alcohol before the age of 18 (p = 0.0000), attending a linguistics or arts and literature program (p = 0.0314) and living alone/with friends (p = 0.0000). Conclusion: The co-occurrence of alcohol and drug use was higher than the co-occurrence of use of the three substances, and factors such as experimenting with drugs before the age of 18 and being of higher economic status were associated with these patterns.


Alcohol Drinking; Smoking; Illicit Drugs, Substance-Related Disorders

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.
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