Influence of sociodemographic and economic factors on physical activity among university students

Suellem Regina Chamberlem, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Patrícia Simone Nogueira, Rosângela Alves Pereira, Ana Paula Muraro

Resumo


Objective: To estimate the influence of socioeconomic factors on the variation in time spent by university students on physical activity after the first academic year. Methods: Quantitative longitudinal study of 348 full-time university students aged 16-25 years from the capital of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Change in time spent on moderate and vigorous physical activity was assessed in minutes per week through the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The following independent variables were analyzed: gender, age, race/skin color, economic class, students’ housemates and field of study. Multinomial regression analysis was used to check for associations between physical activity time variation in tertiles and the independent variables. Results: The overall change in median physical activity time in one year was -90.0 minutes/week. Students of higher socioeconomic status maintained the same physical activity time, while those in other socioeconomic classes showed a decrease in such time after the first year at university. After adjustments, lower economic class (OR=2.85; 95%CI= 1.26-6.43) and living in a shared house (OR=2.84; 95%CI= 1.26-6.38) were associated with decrease in time spent on physical activity. Conclusion: There was a decrease in time spent on physical activity among students belonging to the lower economic classes who lived in a shared house after the first year at university.

Palavras-chave


Students; Universities; Physical Activity; Longitudinal Studies; Socioeconomics Factors

Texto completo:

PDF/A (English)

Referências


World Health Organization. Physical activity [Internet]. 2018 [accessed on 2020 May 10]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity

Ministério da Saúde (BR), Secretaria de Vigilância à Saúde, Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Política Nacional de Promoção da Saúde: PNaPS: revisão da Portaria MS/GM no 687, de 30 de março de 2006. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2014.

Malta DC, Silva MMA, Albuquerque GM, Lima CM, Cavalcante T, Jaime PC, et al. A implementação das prioridades da Política Nacional de Promoção da Saúde, um balanço, 2006 a 2014. Cienc Saude Colet. 2014;19(11):4301-12.

Hallal PC, Anderson LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund V, et al. Global Physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls and prospect. Lancet. 2012;380(9838):247-57.

Silva NJ, Oliveira-Júnior AA, Raposo OFF, Silva DG, Mendes-Netto RS, Barbosa KBF. Frequency of healthy eating habits among students of a public university in Northeastern Brazil. Rev Bras Promoç Saude. 2016;29(2):277-34.

Lopes PD, Rezende AAA, Calábria LK. Risk factors for non-communicable diseases in university students. Rev Bras Promoç Saude. 2017;30(4):1-11.

Deforche B, Dyck DV, Deliens T, Bourdeaudhuij ID. Changes in weight, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary intake during the transition to higher education: a prospective study. Int J Behav B Nutr Phys. 2015;12:1-10.

Winpenny EM, Smith M, Penney T, Foubister C, Guagliano JM, Love R, et al. Changes in physical activity, diet, and body weight across the education and employment transitions of early adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev. 2020;21(4):e12962.

Haase J, Phil ASD, Sallis JF, Wardle J. Leisure-time physical activity in university student from 23 countries: associattions with healt beliefs, risk awareneses and national economic development. Prev Med. 2004;39(1):182-90.

Pengpid S, Peltzer K, Kassean HK, Tsala JPT, Sychariun V. Physical inactivity and associated factors among university student in 23 low-middle-and high- income countries. Int J Public Health. 2015;60:539-49.

Kipping RR, Smith M, Heron J, Hickman M, Campbell R. Multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and socio-economic status: findings from a UK birth cohort. Eur J Public Health. 2015;25(1):44‐9.

Beaudry KM, Ludwa IA, Thomas AM, Ward WE, Falk B, Josse AR. First-year university is associated with greater body weight, body composition and adverse dietary changes in males than females. PLoS One. 2019;14(7):e0218554.

Puelo FG, Betran YH. Factores sociodemográficos Y motivacionales asociados a la actividad fisica en estudiantes universitarios. Rev Med Chil. 2015;143:1411-8.

Nogueira PS, Ferreira MG, Rodrigues PRM, Muraro AP, Pereira LP, Pereira RA. Longitudinal Study on Lifestyle and Health of University Students - ELESEU: design, methodological procedures and preliminary results. Cad Saude Publica. 2018;34(4):e00145917.

Matsudo S, Araujo T, Matsudo V, Andrade D, Andrade E, Oliveira LC, et al. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ): a study of validity and reproducibility in Brazil. Rev Bras Ativ Fis Saude. 2001;6(2):5-18.

Hallal PC, Victoria CG, Wells IC, Lima RC. Physical inactivity: prevalence and associated variables in Brazilian adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(11):1894-900.

Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa. Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil de 2015 [Internet]. [2016] [accessed on 2020 May 10]. Available from: http://www.abep.org/criterio-brasil

Leão OAA, Santos TS, Silva MC. Correlation between physical activity and sedentary behavior in students. Rev Bras Promoç Saude. 2018;31(2):1-6.

El-Gilany AH, Badawi K, El-Khawaga G, Awadalla N. Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt. East Mediterr Health J. 2011;17(8):694-702.

Hollis JL, Sutherland R, Williams AJ, Campbell E. A systematic review and meta-analysis of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels in secondary school physical education lessons. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14(1):52.

Kipping RR, Smith M, Heron J, Hickman M, Campbell R. Multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and socio-economic status: findings from a UK birth cohort. Eur J Public Health. 2015;25(1):44‐9.

Meader N, King K, Moe-Byrne T, Wright K, Graham H, Petticrew M, et al. A systematic review on the clustering and co-occurrence of multiple risk behaviours. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:657.

Loh VHY, Rachele JN, Brown WJ, Washington S, Turrell G. Neighborhood disadvantage, individual-level socioeconomic position and physical function: a cross-sectional multilevel analysis. Prev Med. 2016;89:112-20.

Kleszczewska D, Mazur J, Siedlecka J. Family, school and neighborhood factors moderating the relationship between physical activity and some aspects of mental health in adolescents. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(4):423‐39.

Pontes SS, Silva AM, Santos LMS, Souza BVN, Oliveira BVS. Práticas de atividade física e esporte no Brasil. Rev Bras Promoç Saude. 2019;32:8406.

Brodersen NH, Steptoe A, Boniface DR, Wardle J. Trend in physical activity sedentary behaviour in adolescence: ethnic and socioeconomic differences. Br J Sports Med. 2007;41:140-44.

Sousa TF. Inatividade física em universitários brasileiros: uma revisão sistemática. Rev Bras Cienc Saude. 2011;9(29):47-55.

Mielke GI, Ramis TR, Habeyche EC, Oliz, MM, Tessmer MGS, Azevedo MR, et al. Atividade física e fatores associados em universitários do primeiro ano da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Rev Bras Ativ Fis Saude. 2010;15(1):57-64.

Gasparotto GS, Moreira NB, Gasparotto LPR, Silva MP, Campos W. Associação entre fatores sociodemográficos e o nível de atividade física de universitários. Rev Bras Cienc Mov. 2013;21(4):30-40.

Mielke GI, Hallal PC, Rodrigues GBA, Szwarcwald CL, Santos FV, Malta DC. Prática de atividade física e hábito de assistir televisão entre adultos no Brasil. Epidemiol Serv Saude. 2015;24(2):277-86.

Sa J, Heimdal J, Sbrocco T, Seo DC, Nelson B. Overweight and Physical Inactivity Among African American Students at a Historically Black University. J Natl Med Assoc. 2016;108(1):77‐85.

Antunes JLF. Condições socioeconômicas em saúde: discussão de dois paradigmas. Rev Saude Publica. 2008;42(3):562-7.

Hallal PC, Dumith SC, Bastos JP, Reichert FF, Siqueira FV, Azevedo MR. Evolução da pesquisa epidemiológica em atividade física no Brasil: revisão sistemática. Rev Saude Publica. 2007:41(3):453-460.

Berbigier MC, Magalhães CR. Educação nutricional em universitários e estratégias para promoção de saúde institucional: revisão integrativa. Rev Bras Promoç Saude. 2017:30(2):264-74.

Allom V, Mullan B, Cowie E, Hamilton K. Physical Activity and Transitioning to College: the Importance of Intentions and Habits. Am J Health Behav. 2016;40(2):280‐90.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2020.10745

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.
Rev Bras Promoç Saúde, Fortaleza - Ceará - Brasil - e-ISSN: 1806-1230

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia